AAMP is an acronym for the four basic elements of effective teaching: What to Teach (Align to a Standard), How to Teach (Actively Teach and Measure Performance), and Purposeful Reading, Writing and Discussion:


A=Align to an objective/standard: A teacher must have a clear purpose for teaching. For 46 states, standards will be driven by the rigor, coherence, and focus required by implementing the Core Curriculum State Standards CCSS, a common vision that will drive exceptional teaching and student learning

A=Actively Teach This is inextricably combined with M=Measure Performance. It represents the unique and dynamic interaction formed between teacher and student where short teaching segments are followed by some form of formative assessment or interactive experience. Because of the rich and varied techniques rooted in the direct instruction model, a teacher may choose from many intentional designs of active teaching. In general, a teacher should not actively teach longer than 5 minutes before asking students to process the information in some way.

M=Measure Performance: Part of Active Teaching, but separated on this website due to the discreet nature of measuring performance and the different types of resources. This is when a teacher uses multiple forms of authentic feedback to process the degree of student learning. This assessment not only provides feedback to the teacher, but feedback to the student so they can close the gaps in their misunderstanding.

P=Purposeful Reading, Writing and Discussion: This represents a fundamental shift in guaranteeing enhanced reading, responding to literature and writing, daily, across disciplines. The CCSS calls for shared responsibility for reading, writing and discussing in art, science, social studies.


Writing (includes Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science and Technical Subjects)

  • Text Types and Purposes
  • Production and Distribution of Writing
  • Research to Build and Present Knowledge
  • Range of Writing –increasing demand for fluency writing that does not have to be assessed
  • Speaking and Listening
  • Comprehension and Collaboration
  • Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas


  • Textbooks, free reading, novels, read alouds, primary source documents, increased non-fiction, use of information magazines, Internet, blogs,  
  • Extensive reading and writing, reading at increasing level of complexity, also science social studies and technical subjects.
  • Structured discussion groups such as:  Reciprocal Teaching, Literature Circles, Socratic Dialogue, Great Books Inquiry

AAMP is crafted around the work of many education leaders, especially Mike Schmoker’s Results Now, How We Can Achieve Unprecedented Results, and Focus, Elevating the Essentials To Radically Improve Student Learning,  
These books are critical reads for any teacher or administrator who proposes to meet the sophisticated content and teaching delivery systems required to meet the demands of Common Core Sate Standards